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OKULINA                                            Download the program
The program for correcting myopia

At first sight, it is impossible. As teaches the schoolbook of biology [2, page 250], at a short-sighted eye the crystalline lens of eye cannot become flat enough that at available length of an eyeball to create the exact image, and to correct it can only eyeglasses.:
Pic 1 Pic.1
/Pic.104. Focusing of the rays getting in an eye from a far subject: A - for the short-sighted person; B - for the person with normal sight; C - for the far-sighted person/

At the second sight - there are doubts. If at you short-sightedness (so it, probably, also is - differently from what to you to read this text), try to see at night the a distant lamp. The author with the own short-sighted eyes (-1.5 dioptries, visual acuity without eyeglasses 0.2-0.3) has seen it approximately so:
Pic 2 Pic.2

In eyeglasses he is seen by a point. Approximately the same as on a picture at correct prompting of the chamber on acutance:
Pic 3 Pic.3

If the camera defocusing - approximately up to the same resolution, that at a short-sighted eye, a picture becomes such:
Pic 4 Pic.4

Diameter of a disk approximately corresponds to diameter of "asterisk" in picture 2, but the image differs strikingly. Why, if the parent of short-sightedness - the improper focusing of an eye?

Now we shall look at test table [8], for example on the letter "M":
Pic 5 Pic.5

At a defocusing the camera will represent its such:
Pic.6 Pic.6

While the short-sighted eye (of the author) sees approximately so:
Pic.7 Pic.7

Besides - why? If to put on eyeglasses, multicontour disappears - that denies the guess, that the parent in the garbled shape of a cornea. Would be garbled - eyeglasses would not help
.

As writes E.I.Kovalevsky, Among pupils 1-2 classes short-sightedness meets at 3-6 %, 3-4 classes - at 6 %, 7-8 classes - at 16 % and in 9-10 - more than at 20 % . Why at millions children whether crystalline lenses lose elasticity, whether muscles of eye will atrophy, whether eyes ungeometrical grow? But all joints, sinews maintain the elasticity, muscles of a skeleton develop, and life of the modern schoolboys not too bad.

And who did not see writing with the own nose schoolboys? If eyes from proximity of books so strongly strain, why schoolboys of them far away do not hold? At least because of feeling of laziness?

At the third sight it is necessary to admire, as far as the control system of an eye is perfect. In a retina about 10 million cones, about 100 million rods. Their coordinates practically random, at different people are various, during the life is change [3]:
.8 Pic.8
/Pic. 30 This electron-micrograph section through the peripheral retina of a monkey passes through the layers of rods and cones. The tiny white circles are rods; the larger black regions with a white dot in the center are cones./


Their sensitivity is inequality and is changeable - varies at transition from light in a shade and back, it depends on a position and power supply of "photoplatform", and it at everyone differs [4,5]:
.9 .10 Pic.9,10

Nevertheless an eye build up the high-quality image, is capable to notice objects with brightness or color contrast in part of percent. How it is possible to it?

For this purpose there are oscillations of an eye. One of the first works on research of oscillations of the eye which is watching a motionless point, is published in Russia in 1941 [6]. From its results:
.11 Pic.11
/Author Method Amplitude
Verweji Consecutive_images 10'-40 '
Marx_and_Trendelenburg Photo 4'-8.5 '
Imanischi Same 4'-8 '
Ohrwall Observation_of_an_eye_in_the_microscope 23'-32 '
Gassovsky_and_Nicolskaya Same 5'-25'/


.12 Pic.12
/Conclusions
1. During observation of dot object of eyes is not in rest - are observed separate large gallop of an eye and small oscillatory movements continuously made by it. The observer does not notice these jumps and fluctuations, keeping confidence of an immovability of the eye
2. At monocular and binocular fixing at a different position of a point of fixing of eyes keeps an initial standing during no more than 30 % of all time.
3. During the others of 70 % of time of eyes is not in that standing with which it has at the initial moment of time./

As we see, even in the elementary situation of observation a only luminous point of eyes almost constantly deviates it on a corner more than 5 minutes - that resolution of an eye about 1 minute. What for he does it?

Apparently, to execute associate coordinates and mutual calibration of photoplatforms. During fluctuations through the same element of the image pass different photoplatforms - consequently, at equal sensitivity the signals from them should be equal. But if signals are various - from these distinctions it is possible "to pull out" calibration factors and to use them for alignment of sensitivity of photoplatforms. It is similarly possible to execute the associate of coordinates of photoplatforms.*

* It works, when brightness of an element of the image is constant. But if look at blinking silver screen, at display, at TV screen; if the room is lighting with blinking luminescent lamps? Other photoplatform has passed on the same element, but brightness of it has already changed. And so on all field of vision. How it will have an effect on eyesight? Nation tokens speak: badly effect can have.

Present, what enormous size of the information the system of processing of the image should process in real time: 10 million cones, 100 million rods, and the image (together with an eye) constantly vibrates. And it is necessary not only to associate coordinates, to level sensitivity and to compensate trembling the image - it is necessary to determine from this image a signal for controls of muscles of focussing an eye!

Naturally, at a conscious level it is impossible. Consequently, there is a visual preprocessor - a small part of a brain that free from high emotions and which can carry out only the elementary operations on rigid parallel algorithm - but with enormous total productivity. It accepts from a retina "jumble", passes the qualitative image to a conscious level and operates focussing. "Rigidity" of algorithm is certainly conditional: all in an organism gradually varies - both bones, and muscles, and character of the person, but such changes demand time and trainings.

Now we shall present, that the child gets in a difficult, dangerous vital situation [7]. Dangerous including in sense of impossibility of normal physical or mental growth, development. And not objectively difficult and dangerous (here not it is important), and what is perceived by his subconsciousness as such. First his brain tries to find an exit with the help of familiar logic.

If in space of familiar logic to find it is not possible - search in space of "alogical" behaviour is included, the brain tries to leave a habitual frameworks. Here - children's crying, teenage roughness, aggression and other illnesses of awkward age. The alogical behaviour is potentially dangerous but what to make a brain, if logical (i.e. reliable and safe) ways to find it was not possible?

If in this space to find the acceptable decision also was not possible, the "RESET button" is run: powerful electric pulses destroy old programs of a brain in hope, that generated instead of them new will be better. External displays can be different, but in any case this process is not pleasant. Selectivity at it - approximately as at the RESET button a computer: almost none. Erased is all successively, including quite working programs. What will be generated instead of them - is not known, but what to make a brain if all is very bad and a good way is not visible?

Among such erased for company programs, for example, the program of heart control can be damage, and happen the cardiac rupture, the person will die. Can - the program of control the speech, at unsuccessful self-restoration the person will start to stammer. Can get and the program of a visual preprocessor for processing the information from millions rods and cones of eye. The old program is destroyed, new was generated, but it appeared not better, but worse the old. The visual preprocessor can could make better it, but not know, what it is necessary to do. Letters is visible fuzzy? So they, probably, also are fuzzy, and I (preprocessor) all made correctly! Your logic reasons in this case is of area the supreme nervous activity, which is inaccessible to a preprocessor. Here either high intelligence, or the big productivity.

What to make? It is necessary to create such image, which can itself prompt, what it should be processed. For example, such:
.13 Pic.13

Here brightness of a grey background is equal the half of brightness the white square, and average brightness of pair black+white square is equal to brightness of the same site of a background. In result if the eye is focused correctly - the image is seen, at wrong focussing (and sufficient distance) the image will merge with a background, becomes invisible.
But it already fundamentally! The preprocessor cannot the system of self-checking at all not have. Any system of self-checking tries to improve the image. What signify "to improve" - a question uneasy, mistakes here are possible. But if the image disappears - hardly probable it can be named improvement, whatever assessed. It can be danger, or food, and sight to that exists, AS TO SEE the objects. And any processing (recognition, measurement of coordinates, speeds) begins with detection of the purpose.
At supervision of such objects the preprocessor will be to change, gradually to modify the algorithm of the work, that it is better to see objects - so will improve focussing and destroying the short-sightedness. Other ways at it simply does not remain. Big, in the half-screen, the total size of observable object is important: by search of fine object the eyes and a brain subconsciously strain, at supervision big - relax, we need a relaxation! Indeed image of such type the program "Okulina" is creates.

Technically to create on display the background with brightness in half maximal is rather difficult. To send a command from processor is simply, but the display will fulfil it with a mistake. If to be mistaken on a pair of percent, the visual preprocessor will find out object on difference of average brightness and will calm down. What for to change the algorithm, if object and so is found out? It is possible the display calibrate, but you are ready to pay for the complete the special equipment, periodically to make the repeated calibrations of display? It is comprehensible to cabinets of physiotherapy, but not personal domestic computers.

But the output exists. It is possible to make a background not uniform, but consisting of black and white stripes:
.14 Pic.14

Narrow a strip of a background at supervision from pair meters will merge in a grey background, and its average brightness will be equal to half of brightness white square. Exactly that works Okulina.

Work with the program.

1. We begin with visiting the oculist. There are many different illnesses of eyes. Can, your "short-sightedness" - only the first symptom of serious disease, and you should not train, and urgently to be operated. The author does not want to be guilty that someone has missed time and has lost the sight.

If we came to oculist - we ask to check up visual acuity and to give out the certificate. If you can correct the sight - completely not bad, if this your feat will be documentary fixed.

2. We buy the extension piece for the mouse in length of 2-3 meters, and connect it. If we have the wireless mouse and it precisely works in 2 meters from a computer - this part can be missed. .
We prepare a place. During trainings to look at display is necessary from distance not less than 2 meters.

3. Download a file okulina.zip, unpack it, receive the files okulina2_31.exe and okulina.sym. The first file - executed, we run it. The second contains the initial data and should be in the same directory.
The program is focused on work with one user. If train a some person, create some copies of program in different directories (at the total size okulina2_31.exe and okulina.sym less than 2 megabytes it is not unprofitable)
During the work the program will create in the same catalogue a new file okulina.rtr with results of your trainings. File is textual, with explanatories, it is possible to see with any viewers or editors.

4. Run the file okulina2_31.exe      See on the screen:
Pic.15

Distance from your eyes up to display a computer needs to be known, to create the necessary size of a picture and correctly measure an acuity of your sight. Range should be not less than 2 meters, the entered value should correspond to reality.
The diagonal of the image of displays often is not equal to passport value. Please, measure!

The display resolution is established in the (Start-up> control panel-> resolution and itemes-> change the resolution). That there it is entered - that here again needs to be specified. To the program it needs to be known for correct measurement of visual acuity.

Volume of training (praxis), Time for the answer see below.

The entered values are saved in file okulina.vvd and at following start are offered as initial values.

We press Begin the training, and on screen begin to vary a picture from
.16 Pic.16

through 3,4,5,6,7,8 up to
.17 .17

and back. Figures are chosen not simply: "9", for example, represent, that the size of everyone black and everyone white square 9*9 pixels, as and for other figures.

You sit in 2 meters from the screen, eyes are slacked, on the face - a half-smile, at heart - gladness (all this is important!), and look at the screen. Try to see whenever possible small figures, on big - to make out separate squares, their borders to count number squares in acting elements of figures. On anything do not distract, all attention to training. Minutes through 20, having felt weariness, press both mouse buttons and leave the program.

Actually, on it would be possible the finish. But, as is known, the sin is sweet, and the man is sucker. Day after day to think in training about what is necessary, to keep up attention is difficulty. Soon the computer begin lives its own life, something to someone showing, and you - the looking on the screen, nothing seeing and thinking about something. The training turns in senseless sitting before the screen. So that it done not happen, besides described Initial mode the two other mode was made: Training and Measurements of visual acuity.

-Training mode.
During an initial mode choose, with what size square (what figure) will train. It should be hardly more threshold of detection: following, lesser, you from working distance any more do not see. Let for example it will be 4. During the time, when on the screen see this figure, press the left button of the mouse, and the program go in training mode. On the screen see images:
.18 or .19 Pic.18,19

The figure displays in right or in left part of screen. If on the right - you press the right button of mouse, if at the left - the left button (the cursor of the mouse - in window of program). At the time of occurrence the figure the speaker of system block give the beeps, and the under strip (in top part of the screen) from red becomes green.
   The upper blue strip helps to see the volume of executed training tasks: with each showed picture the strip is extended, when it reach the right border of the screen - training is finished. Results are written to file okulina.rtr and displayed on screen:

Pic.20

Push-ups are necessary, that your brain not logically realized, and as skin felt: not found object is poorly. For each absence of answer the computer suggests to push-up 1 time, for each incorrect answer - 2 times (that at random answers, when probability to guess 0.5, the penalty on the average was the same, that at absence of answers). Maximal time for answer is set at initial dialogue.
"Push-up" - the concept, certainly, conditional and depends on your physical form: it can be and easier, and heavier physical exercise, and it not necessary push-ups carry out all from one approach. But to execute them it is necessary!*

      * It is supposed, that on a state of health the contra-indications are absent, you are practically healthy person. If it not so - consult with the doctor.

-Measurements of visual acuity mode.
In this mode we go from initial mode, having pressed the right mouse button. From moment of pressing depends nothing, the mouse cursor should be in limits of a working field of screen.
  On the screen there is one of Landolt rings. Possible variants:

.21 Pic.21

You press the mouse buttons: left, if a gap of ring at the left (variants 1, 2, 3 in Pic.21), and right, if a gap on the right. On each answer 2 seconds are given. Sit, certainly, on specified in beginning distance from the screen (usually 2 meters). The mouse cursor - within the working field.

The computer shows new and new rings, depending on your answers their size increases or decreases. Then on the screen there is approximately such caption:
Pic.22

Simultaneously results of testing are written to file Okulina.rtr
  During testing the computer considers, that if you 3 times were mistaken - the size of a ring should be increased, if 10 times have successively answered correctly - the size should be reduced. The size of increase / reduction gets out, that average time of testing was minimal.
   If your answer no within 2 seconds - drawn the new ring of the same size. If the answer no 5 times successively - the size of a ring increases. And at the beginning, after start of check visual acuity, the biggest rings are drawn again and again, until you the first time something will not answer a computer.
   The testing is possible to interrupt ahead of schedule, having pressed both mouse buttons. At that visual acuity will not be determined, the computer will pass to initial mode.

In upper part of screen of "Okulina" is a system menu:

Pic.23

Exit - an immediate exit from the program, here all is clear.

Effect from training - read the file Okulina.rtr from the current catalogue, its contents are displayed as schedules:
Pic.24

Grid across - in 1 day (the missed trainings at once are visible), numbers in brackets show vertical scale - a maximum of a coordinate grid for corresponding parameters. Schedules are drawn in the same order, as are marked (Volume of training - Distance up to screen - Size of square - Average time of answer - Number of push-ups). Later curve in case of coincidence can delete earlier.

User guide - at pressing the button display the information:
Pic.25

Let's repeat: you can write in the guest book (below) about your operational experience with the program.


Regime of trainings and lives, medicinal support
The first rule from sports: " to overtrain it is possible for 15 minutes, recuperate you will two months . In a case with eyes it is especially important: to overtrain small eye muscles it is possible imperceptibly, "brake" as the common weariness will not be, and to give eyes rest in a real life difficultly. Therefore not at all sports feats, no more half hour trainings in day, feel weariness - reduce time!

The second rule too from sports: " the first results of trainings appear in three weeks ". And fastly endurance, then - force, then - speed trains. In our case neural processes train, it is more likely similar to speed. Therefore stable improvement of results can appear not soon, do not hurry up.

The third rule from yoga: any asana will not bring advantage, if practising executes it formally, without understanding and interest.

Training gives only the command to cells of muscles and a brain: it is necessary to develop. That the command could be executed, cells should be washed by blood, in blood there should be an oxygen, nutrients, vitamins, there should not be poisons (alcohol, nicotine and other). Therefore to train eyes it is better on a background not extreme overall physical training. In addition to direct effect (improvement of supply to fabrics by blood) it will help to create necessary positive psycho-emotional background.

To add in blood the most necessary substances pharmaceutical support will help. Is, for example, such small herb, centuries ago it has been noticed, that helps at different eye diseases, from here and she has received the name - eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis). To buy it possible in a drugstore in '"teabags". Make in a cup, drink instead of tea, the used bag can apply cautiously to wipe eyes (closed, certainly). Helps, if eyes dry up during training

Other useful bags - a camomile chemist's. Soft calming, a disinfectant without by-effects - that is necessary for us. In the majority of manuals and on packing of pharmaceutical's write about problems with digestion, but in [11] , for example, recommended inside and as compresses at short-sightedness.

For a long time in people is noticed, that blueberries the visual acuity raises. All not reduced here to vitamin C: in a black currant or cabbage of it not less, but the rumour has not connected them with eyes.

And, certainly, carrot - more often, grated, with sour cream, to give a little to stand, that fat-soluble carotin has passed to sour cream and was better acquired by an organism.
And if travel's to Altai, to gather and to have a meal sea-buckthorn berries But it is a separate talk.

Certainly, you will want to estimate your sight not only with help of the program, but also traditional way, with help of the paper table, as at the oculist:
.26 Pic.26

In Russia use in home this table is not absolutely good: you inevitably learn it by heart, and then it will be difficult for doctor to check up your sight. But it is possible to use older version of table [8]:
.27 Pic.27

It was applied by doctors in 50th years. Download it here, print out, hang up on a wall, illuminate [9] and use. To look it is necessary from 5 meters. If the size of your room is less and to look necessary from smaller distance - reduce also the size of the table. If, for example, will look from 4 meters - to print out it is necessary so, that 5 centimeters on the image of a ruler in the lower part of the table have coincided with 4- in centimeters on the true ruler.

 

 

About certification of a methodology and program.

In October 2008 Russian version of program "Okulina" is put on a site www.okulina.ru . For two years it downloaded about 10 thousand users from tens countries (statistics on a site). In the same place, in guest book, you can see responses of users.

In October 2010 the program put forward on competition "IT Breakthrough" and has taken 3rd place in Russia in a class Technologies of future (http://tvoystart.ru/news/news-15597/ ). But competition was conducted by not doctors, but engineers and politics.

Clinical tests of the program it was not spent for the lack of money. You can help with their realize (see the license agreement )

 

 

License agreement.

The priority of author is fixed in the Russian patent department (application FIPS N 2008141043 from 15.10.2008)

You can use the program "Okulina" freely.

But the author will be grateful for financial donations. They are necessary:
   For carrying out of clinical tests of the program,
   For improvement of a technique of trainings,
   For development the procedure of phytosupport,
   For improvement of the program, it should increase its efficiency.
Author guarantees an openness of the information on an expenditure of the received means. Project "Okulina" is carried out by him by way of the personal initiative, without of finance sources, and your help will be very important for project.
Money it is possible to transfer to purses

   Z168079049993 (US dollars),
   E307905795194 (Euro),
   R372832629725 (Roubles)

payment system www.webmoney.ru

 

 

Literature

1. 1. S.V.Kravkov. An eye and its work. Moscow - Leningrad, Publisher USSR Academy of Sciences, 1950
            Classics. The structure and work of an eye. By the way, in a question about the causes of short-sightedness (page 62) the author far from being is so categorical, as the school-book [2]

2. D.V.Kolesov, R.D.Mash, I.N.Beljaev Biology. The school-book for 8-th class. Moscow, Drofa, 2005
            From here figure 1 is taken, that illustrate the "classical" conception about short-sightedness

3. Eye, Brain, and Vision by David H. Hubel     ( russian version)     From here figure 8 is taken

4. http://www.vokrugsveta.ru/vs/article/128/ Around of world, August, 2001.   From here figure 9 is taken

5. http://www.sciam.ru/2007/6/news-5.shtml In world of science, June 2007.   From here figure 8 is taken

6. L.N.Gassovsky, N.A.Nikolskaja. Movements of an eye during continuous fixing a point. Works SOI, volume 14, ed.112-120 Moscow, 1941.
The first Russian paper on studying trembling eyes where it is clear and it is precisely painted, that as was measured also what results are received. To see it is possible here. The resulted links to European papers go back to 1869. From here figures 11, 12 are taken

7. http://prognoz.org/article/statistika-samoubiistva
http://www.polit-info.ru/fsk_9_5.htm
Statistics of suicides. More than 2 % of deaths - suicides, on everyone accomplished are related up to 10 "unsuccessful" attempts, leaders in Europe - Hungary, Russia, Sweden. For last 150 years the level of suicides has risen almost in 50 times. It to that, the level of emotional overloads, sensations of hopelessness in a present-day society is very highs.

8. Tables for research of visual acuity Prof. S.S.Golovina and Dr.s D.A.Sivtseva
(figure 27)

9. L.S.Urmaher, L.I.Ajzenshtat. Ophthalmologic devices. Moscow, Medicine, 1988
In its book described, among other, the lighter for above-stated table [8]. In him one 40-watt lamp is used, at the expense of several mirrors of efficiency almost 100 %, and light exposure will make about
     40watt*10lm/watt / (1/3 sq.metre) = 1200 lux

10. Bates W.H. The Bates method for good sight without glasses.London: Faber and Faber, 1944.
          Corbett, Margaret Darst. Help yourself to better sight.1st ed.New York: Prentice Hall, 1949.
Books were many times republished, including in Russia, usually both in one cover. It is already modern classics. They were the first, and to not mention them simply indecently.

11. V.A.Saveljeva. How independently to improve sight. Saint-Petersburg - Moscow, 2005
The contemporary book, is written by the doctor, designed for the mass reader. We shall note recommendations on use of a camomile at short-sightedness (page 105), aromas of a pelargonium and a rosemary at far-sightednesses (page 143), and also relation between length of a wave and emotional influence colors (page 26)

12. Mirzakarim Norbekov. Experience of the fool, or a key to insight. How to get rid of eyeglasses. Saint-Petersburg, "Ves Publishing", 2002.
Also already classics! With interest and pleasure it is read, involves first of all emotionality of author, his deep, based on numerous examples conviction, that short-sightedness can be corrected and a problem not in eyes, but in brain.

 

Anatoly Varzanov


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